Replication of sCells

Part 5

Spacetime Model


Replication of sCells

This webpage explains that the replication of sCells is an interesting alternative to the irrational Big-Bang. This view is interesting because the creation of spacetime is fully explained. In addition, this scenario is close to the behavior of Nature on Earth.

This webpage is the fourth page of the website
It is strongly suggested to also read the previous three pages.


Nature on Earth

Human beings, animals, plants etc... are "manufactured" according to a model of replication of cells. This model varies from one species to another but the guidelines are always the same.

For the human being, the cellular replication presents the following properties:

  • Precision
    The cell's creation is very accurate. A cell of a given type is exactly the replication of another cell of the same type.
  • Reproducibility
    The six billion human beings on Earth are created on the same model. For example, cells of lever are always identical. Nature has an extraordinary capacity for replication in great quantities.
  • Replication
    Two basic cells are sufficient to create a human being. Indeed, nine months after the initial conception, the number of cells reaches billions of billions.
  • Common process
    The replication process can be very simple (some bacterias...), more complex (trees...), and in some case very complex (animals, human beings...). However, it is always the same principle. This faculty of reproduction in nature, its simplicity, and its accuracy are incredible.

In other words, we must be conscious that Nature on Earth has an extraordinary capacity for self-reproducibility with a high degree of accuracy. This capacity is found on Earth, but also on Mars, and on all parts of the universe.

To explain the Universe, we need the same reliable and accurate reproducibility but in greater quantity than that we have on Earth

earth_universe.gif - Replications of sCells


Scenario of replication

The following scenario describes one of the possibilities of the creation of the universe. The conclusions are very interesting.

The first part of this scenario must, necessarily, be very simple. It is a major condition. In addition, it must take account of the quantum concept, which is a reality.

According Max Planck Theories, this quantum of volume seems to be 511 KeV (see Part 3).

This process is well known on Earth, for example in the replication of bacteria. Nothing has been invented. Since Nature tends to always repeat itself, this scenario is therefore very relevant.

creation_of_universe.gif - Replications of sCells

A simple replication process could
explain the creation of the Universe



In this process, a question arises: "What grows, only the 3D volume or 4D spacetime?". When the universe was created, there were no masses since we know that out of a gravitational field, the spacetime curvature is flat. It is expressed as follows (Minkowski Equation):

ds2 = c2dt2 - (dx2 + dy2 + dz2)

If we consider that:

  • The universe was created from nothing, neither space nor time.
  • There is a perfect symmetry. Nothing can be created without a counterpart. is then necessary to take the Minkowski Equation and add ds2 = 0.

This quantity, ds, is an infinitesimal spacetime. At the beginning of the universe, as there was nothing, all ds2 were equal to zero. So we have:

c.dt = dx

This well-known formula must be interpreted as follows:

"Time creates space", or the converse

Note: From a mathematical point of view, the dimensional quantities "time" (T) and "space" (L) are different. The dimensional constant c, which keeps homogeneity in the equation, should not be removed. So, we should not take "time creates space" word for word because from a mathematical point of view this sentence is wrong. It has the same imprecision as "money creates employment". Of course, this sentence seems true, but it is wrong from a mathematical point of view since the words "money" and "employment" are of different dimensional quantities.


Before the Creation of the Universe

From a philosophical point of view, this proposal renders obsolete the question "What was there before the creation of the universe?". The word "before" does not make sense in this context since time was created simultaneously with dimensions xyz. The same phenomenon exists on Earth.

Consider a child just born. Ask the mother: "what the size of your baby was two years ago?". This question does not make sense since, for the baby, time was created nine months ago. Space, i.e. the size of the baby, was created 9 months ago too. Two years ago, this baby had neither time nor space.

As in this example, it does not make sense to want to know what the universe was before its creation since there was no time and no space. The word "before" does not mean anything in this context. On the other hand, we may note that, in this example, the process is the same as in the universe: time creates spaces (or the converse).


The creation of Objects

Imagine the creation of a factory. There is also a relation between space (the factory, office, parking...) and time. For this company, before its creation, time and space did not exist.

We may apply the same reasoning to common objects. For example, a stone on Earth has a maximum age of 4,5 billion years. Asking, "What was the size of this stone 10 billion years ago?" does not make sense.

Since Nature tends to repeat itself, we have a strong probability that the creation of the universe follows the same principle as the creation of common objects. We have a creation date, and before this date, there was nothing: no time and no space.


Space vs. Time

Spacetime is fully described by General Relativity, but its comprehension is not so obvious.

On the universe level, spacetime means "a Dx space created by a Dt time, or the converse". This is why space (3D) and time (1D) are inseparable. This relationship between time and space is emphasized in the new model of creation of the universe described in the next webpage.